Australian external territory
Language: English (official) Norfuk dialect
Population: Above 2,200
Area: 34.6 Sq km
Norfolk Island is an island located in the South Pacific Ocean, along the east of the Australian mainland. It lies between Australia, New Zealand and New Caledonia. Norfolk Island of the Australian South Pacific Territory is a self-governing territory. The head of the state is the Queen who is represented by the Governor-general of Australia. The island recognizes two official languages: English and Norfulk. Norfulk is a Creole language and a blend of 1700s English and Tahitian.
The Australian government controls the "Exclusive economic zone" exclusive economic zone (EEZ) extending 200 nautical miles (370 km) around Norfolk Island and territorial sea claims to three nautical miles (6 km) from the island. The exclusive economic zone provides the islanders with fish, its only major natural resource. Norfolk Island has no direct control over any marine areas but has an agreement with the Commonwealth through the Australian Fisheries Management Authority (AFMA) to fish "recreationally" in a small section of the EEZ known locally as "the Box".