Language(s): Tajik, Russian
Total Area: 143,100 km²
GDP (in million USD): 5,578
Tajikistan, officially the Republic of Tajikistan, is a mountainous landlocked country in Central Asia. It borders Afghanistan to the south, Uzbekistan to the west, Kyrgyzstan to the north, and China to the east. Its economy is now growing rapidly due to cotton exports. But sharing a border with similarly war-torn Afghanistan poses huge security risk. It is often accused of tolerating extremist rebel camps in its territories.
The government's 1994 Conceptual Plan for the Provision of Housing called for the construction of 1,390,000 square meters of housing per year until the year 2000. Unfortunately, by 1995, only about 10% of the goal had been reached. Part of the housing shortage was brought on by the civil war, which accounted for the destruction of over 35,000 homes. The government was able to rebuild about 21,000 homes by the end of 1995 through international assistance. In 1993, the government also initiated a fund for no-interest credit to help war victims in the reconstruction and repair of their own homes.
The most common building materials for new homes are prefabricated ferro-cement slabs. In rural areas, traditional materials of paksha, brick, mortar, and stone are used.
This war-torn and poor country doesn't allow private ownership of land even to its citizens. It allows leases up to ten years only. Most of the available rental space is occupied by foreign journalists covering the war in neighboring Afghanistan. Security and safety is always an issue.