Total Area: 14,874 km²
GDP (in million USD): 616
East Timor or Timor-Leste, officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, is a country in Southeast Asia.
During the independence struggle from Indonesia after 1999, more than 75 percent of the population was displaced, and almost 70 percent of the physical infrastructure was destroyed or damaged, and nearly 100% of the country's electrical grid was destroyed.
East Timor faces land tenure issues like ownership claims of native owners, government's place of relocation for the refugees, implementation of new land policies, and so on. As of 2003, it was difficult to estimate housing demand. Besides the vast number of those within the country who have been left homeless and/or with inadequate shelter and facilities, there were (as of the close of 2002) about 28,000 East Timorese refugees waiting to return from the West Timor territory and about 1,300 in Australia.
In urban areas such as Dili, Bacau, and Alieu, homes have been typically built from concrete. A majority of the population lives in rural areas with homes made from bamboo, wood, and thatch.