Capital city: Accra
Languages: Akan, Ewe, Dagomba, Dangme, Dagaare, Ga,
Nzema, Gonja, Kasem and includes English
Population: Abt. 24.5 million
Area: 227,540 sq km
GDP per capita: 1,570 in 2011
GDP current US$: 39 in 2011
Ease of Business Ranking: 64 in 2013
Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a sovereign state located on the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean in West Africa. It is bordered by the Ivory Coast to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, Togo to the east and the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean to the south. The word Ghana means "Warrior King".
Ghana was inhabited in the Middle Ages and the age of discovery by a number of ancient predominantly Akan kingdoms, including the inland Ashanti Empire, the Akwamu, the Bonoman, the Denkyira, and the Mankessim Kingdom among others. Non-Akan states created by the Dagomba also existed. Prior to the Black indigenous contact with Europeans trade between the Akan and various African states flourished due to Akan gold wealth. Trade with European states began after contact with the Portuguese in the 15th century. In 1874 Britain established control over some parts of the country assigning these areas the status of Gold Coast. The Gold Coast declared independence from the United Kingdom in 1957. 99% of Ghana's population are Black people.
Ghana is a member of the Non-Aligned Movement, South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone, and the Group of 24. Ghana is the second largest cocoa producer in the world, and one of the world's largest gold producers and Ghana is home to Lake Volta, the largest artificial lake in the world by surface area.